Effects of red and blue light on leaf anatomy, CO2 assimilation, and the photosynthetic electron transport capacity of sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) seedlings
The red (R) and blue (B) light wavelengths are known to influence many plant physiological processes during growth and development, particularly photosynthesis. To understand how R and B light influences plant photomorphogenesis and photosynthesis, we investigated changes in leaf anatomy and stomatal traits, chlorophyll fluorescence and photosynthetic parameters, and ribulose-1, 5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) and Calvin cycle-related enzymes expression and their activities in
... ir activities in sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) seedlings exposed to four light qualities: monochromatic white (W, control), R, B, and mixed R and B (RB) light with the same photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD) of 300 μmol/m 2 ·s. Results: The results revealed that seedlings grown under R light had lower biomass accumulation, CO 2 assimilation, and photosystem II (PSII) electron transportation compared to plants grown under the other treatments. These changes are probably due to inactivation of the photosystem (PS). Biomass accumulation and CO 2 assimilation were significantly enriched in B-and RB-grown plants, especially the latter treatment. Their leaves were also thicker, and stomatal conductance, photosynthetic electron transport capacity, and the photosynthetic rate were enhanced. The upregulation of the expression and activities of Rubisco, fructose-1, 6-bisphosphatase (FBPase), and fructose-1, 6-bisphosphate aldolase (FBA), which are involved in the Calvin cycle and are probably the main enzymatic factors contributing to RuBP (ribulose-1, 5-bisphosphate) synthesis, also increased. Conclusions : Mixed R and B light altered plant photomorphogenesis and photosynthesis, mainly through its effects on leaf anatomy, photosynthetic electron transportation, and the expression and activities of key Calvin cycle enzymes. Background Light is one of the most important environmental factors affecting plant growth and development . Using light rather than chemicals to control plant architecture could reduce the environmental impacts . Light affects the photosynthetic characteristics of seedlings by regulating chloroplast and anatomy development, and through its influence on key enzyme activities and the related expression of genes involved in the Calvin cycle, etc. [3-6].