Crop Yield, Ferritin and Fe(II) boosted by Azospirillum brasilense (HM053) in Corn

Stephanie Scott, Alexandra Housh, Garren Powell, Ashley Anstaett, Amber Gerheart, Mary Benoit, Stacy Wilder, Michael Schueller, Richard Ferrieri
2020 Agronomy  
An increasing global population of over 4.5 billion people drives increasing demand for calories—30% of which are satisfied by grain crops, such as maize. High-density farming practices have been implemented but tend to deplete the soil of essential elements resulting in lower nutritional value, notably iron, of cultivated crops. Low iron content in staple crops can contribute over time to severe, even fatal, micronutrient deficiencies. Enhancing grain iron content using post-harvest
more » ... -harvest biofortification strategies can be costly. However, field inoculation using biologics like Azospirillum brasilense (HM053) can be a cost-effective alternative to improving crop nutritional value. Using ion chromatography with chemiluminescence detection, we have shown that maize seeds harvested from outdoor pot-grown plants possessed a four-fold higher iron content as ferrous iron (Fe+2) compared to non-inoculated plants. Seeds from A. brasilense HM053-inoculated plants also contained approximately 13 nmol of ferritin per ground dried weight of kernel compared to 3 nmol from non-inoculated plants. In addition, A. brasilense HM053 inoculation increased crop yield 30–50% relative to non-inoculated plants.
doi:10.3390/agronomy10030394 fatcat:qettecfzeffkdolvwhjfyu5fke