Clinico-Epidemiological characteristics of snakebite patients admitted in rural tertiary care unit of Maharashtra

Singla Bhavika, Rahul Hotwani, Akshaya N Shetti
2019 International Journal of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Analysis  
In India agriculture is the primary occupation of the people. With most of the population working in the fields, snakebite becomes a chief occupational hazard and a medical emergency. In India, more than 20,00,000 snake bites reported annually, of which 35,000-50,000 people die and Maharashtra alone contributes more than 2000 deaths each year. Thus this study is aimed to know the clinicepidemiological pattern of snake bite in rural Maharashtra. Aims and Objectives: To study clinical and
more » ... linical and epidemiological characteristics found in patients presenting with snakebite in rural tertiary care unit. Design: Descriptive Cross Sectional study Material and Methods: The study was conducted between 25/05/2017 to 10/09/2017 after obtaining institutional ethical clearance. A total of 70 patients were participated in study. Set questions were asked to the patient to know the clinic-epidemiological characteristics of snake bite. Statistical analysis: The data was analyzed and expressed in terms of percentage. Results: Patients with various age groups got admitted during the study period. Maximum number of (38) patients are in 21 to 40 yrs. Majority of patients were females were 36(51.4 %). Majority of patients (31) were farmer. Most of the patients were working in the farm 47(67.1%) while they had bite. Maximum bites are seen in patients right lower limb 22(31.2%). The most common vehicle used was twowheeler 38(54.2%). Out of 70 patients admitted in hospital, 36(51.4) patients suffered with vasculotoxicity. 14(20%) patients brought snakes after killing to the hospital for identification. 22(31.4%) patients out of 70 took primary treatment in primary health care center. Out of 27 patients 5 patients required ventilator support who suffered with neurotoxic type of snake bite. We observed no mortality among 70 patients admitted with snake bite. Conclusion: Regular public health programs educating about prevention, pre-hospital management, early and safe transfer of the victim to the hospital should be done.
doi:10.18231/j.ijpca.2019.002 fatcat:meklpirvzbbnpg4zwo7ehu3xs4