Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment Outflow of Malaysia: Vector Error Correction Model

Yong Jhen Kai, Jerome Kueh, Yong Sze Wei, Josephine Yau, Audrey Liwan
2019 International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences  
This study aims to investigate the determinants of outwards FDI of Malaysia. This study adopted annually data of outwards FDI, market size, trade openness, technology level, and exchange rates which ranging from 1986 to 2016. Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) unit root test, Johansen and Juselius cointegration test and Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) are employed to determine the relationship between the outward FDI and its determinants. The results of unit root tests show that all the
more » ... hat all the variables were stationary after first difference, I(1). Besides that, the cointegration results imply a stable long run equilibrium exist between variables. Based on VECM results, the outwards FDI is affected by all the explanatory variables in both short run and long run. The results obtained are beneficial for the government and policy makers to implement and enhance the outwards FDI in Malaysia.
doi:10.6007/ijarbss/v9-i11/6538 fatcat:fllxib3zsnhlbor22347jqgwe4