«THE HISTORY OF RUS-UKRAINE RELATES TO MOSCOVY NOTHING MORE THAN THE HISTORY OF ENGLAND TO THE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES». PROJECTS OF THE PROGRAMS OF THE NATIVE HISTORY FOR THE FOLK SCHOOLS OF KHARKIV FOR THE 1942–1943 AKADEMIC YEAR

N. Saltan, O. Saltan
2019 Zenodo  
The article explores the process of developing school curricula on the history of Ukraine for the folk schools of Kharkiv, the times of the Nazi occupation. The specificity of topics and methodological recommendations, in the context of which teachers should inform students about the historical past of their homeland, is analyzed. Anti-Soviet and germanophile tendencies were revealed which, in combination with elements of ukrainian patriotism, constituted the educational and methodical complex
more » ... methodical complex of mastering historical knowledge by the growing generation that was to live on the territory of the Third Reich. It should be noted that the structure of the themes indicated in the programs is the author's vision of a number of Kharkiv historians of that time, an important place among which belongs to Chernihiv citizen Vasil Dubrovsky. It was he, according to the authors, and became their main developer and compiler. Curricula were written in the light of the political and ideological realities of that time. So, immitating the German yudophobic and anti-communist sentiments, professor V. Dubrovskii accused Jews and Bolsheviks of involvement in the exploitation and destruction of the Ukrainian people in an explanatory note. Therefore, it is not surprising that during the occupation students were given the opportunity to get acquainted with the true heroes of the past of their people. Such a rethinking of their own history was to form national-patriotic qualities of a sense of ethnic dignity eaten by communist ideologues of the 1920s – 1930s. The authors came to the conclusion that (despite the declarative nature), the then modern educational paradigm for the history of Ukraine, created by Vasul Dubrovskiy, was designed to contribute to the gradual transformation of the world outlook of schoolchildren, laying the foundations of a new value system against the background of a change in the historical self-awareness of young ukrainians.
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3253712 fatcat:rywhqdtrhjdephgifryrj5khpi