MicroRNA-138-1-3p sensitizes sorafenib to hepatocellular carcinoma by targeting PAK5 mediated β-catenin/ABCB1 signaling pathway
Background: Kinase inhibitor sorafenib is the first-line targeted drug for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. However, the appearance of anti-cancer agents' resistance has limited its therapeutic effect. Methods: In this study, quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) and Western Blot were utilized to detect the levels of PAK5 in HCC sorafenib-resistant cells and their parental cells. The biological functions of miR-138-1-3p and PAK5 in sorafenib-resistant cells and their parental cells
... heir parental cells were explored by cell viability assay, plate colony formation assay and flow cytometric analysis. The potential mechanisms of PAK5 were evaluated via co-immunoprecipitation (co-IP), immunofluorescence, dual luciferase reporter assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP). The effects of miR-138-1-3p and PAK5 on HCC sorafenib chemoresistant characteristics were investigated by a xenotransplantation model. Results: We detected significant down-regulation of miR-138-1-3p and up-regulation of PAK5 in HCC sorafenib resistance cell lines. Mechanical studies revealed that miR-138-1-3p reduced the protein expression of PAK5 by directly targeting the 3′-UTR of PAK5 mRNA. In addition, we verified that PAK5 elevated the phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of β-catenin that enhanced the transcriptional activity of multidrug resistance protein ABCB1. Conclusions: PAK5 contributed to the sorafenib chemoresistant characteristics of HCC by activity β-catenin/ABCB1 signaling pathway. Our findings identified the correlation between miR-138-1-3p and PAK5 and the molecular mechanisms of PAK5-mediated HCC sorafenib resistance, which provided a potential therapeutic target for advanced HCC patients.