Landavensium Ordo Chartarum: II
The Celtic Review
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... IEW ethnological considerations, and the latter with those relating to magic. It will be seen that the two are not necessarily in conflict. If Scandinavia had been the region under survey, it would be evident that the two theories are simply two aspects of one theory. The 'druids' of Scandinavia were the Lapps, known generally as 'Finns' in Norway; and Nilsson, not to speak of others, interprets the Scandinavian stories of pygmies as a memory of the small-sized race of the Lapps and their mound-dwellings. The main object of this paper, however, has been to state the leading arguments in favour of the view that the druids of the British Isles were a caste of magic-workers, not very different from Lapp shamans, whose permanent homes were chambered mounds and souterrains. To what extent these arguments will appeal to the readers of this Review remains to be seen. LANDAVENSIUM ORDO CHARTARUM-II ALFRED ANSCOMBE WE now come to the dissection of twenty-four grants made to Bishop Oudoce, or Euddogwy. During his episcopate the diocese of Llandaff recovered from the demoralising effects of the plague, and also from the temporary defection of Oudoce's predecessor, St. Teilo. Nearly eight years of St. Teilo's episcopate were spent with St. Sampson in Armorica ; and, as we have noted, very few addition's to the temporalities of the see are recorded as having been made in his time. The spiritual condition of the diocese of Llandaff is not likely to have been much better then than that condemned by St. Gildas in that epistle of his which commences Britannia habet reges, and which was composed in A.D. 499, when Gildas began to be about thirty years old. After the publication of it Gildas spent thirty years of his long life in the valley of the Wye, and in the island of Echin. His intercourse with St. Cadoc and St. Iltyd is well known ; but we are not informed whether he co-operated with St. This content downloaded from 184.108.40.206 on Fri, 23 Oct 2015 23:34:21 UTC All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions LANDAVENSIUM ORDO CHARTARUM-II 273 Dogwin also. The three abbeys founded in the diocese of Llandaff by these eminent churchmen had been centres of spiritual light, and intellectual advancement as well, for many years; but Dogwin had died in A.D. 501, and it is probable that neither Cadoc nor Iltyd long survived him. The great plague, among the victims of which was Maelgwn, King of Gwynedd, broke out in Western Britain in A.D. 509. When Teilo fled to Armorica, shortly after it began, Bishop David and the hermit Gildas were the only prominent churchmen left in Deheubarth. Bishop Teilo came back in A.D. 517, and in that year St. David of Menevia died, and also Gereint map Erbin, the Prince of Dyfneint, Arthur's cousin. We do not know how long Bishop Teilo survived, but in Oudoce's Life we read of a dispute between Bishop Oudoce and Gildas himself. It is clear, therefore, that the consecration of Oudoce must be assigned to the interval that fell between A.D. 517, the year of Teilo's return, and A.D. 529, the year of Gildas's departure. No explanation is afforded of the state of things indicated by the dissection of the last six charters-namely, the survival of Bishop Oudoce into the reign of Ithail map Morcant map Athruis, and the fact that six donations were made to Bishop Berthgwyn during the reign of Morcant map Athruis himself. If the entry of Oudoce's name in No. XLVIII. be not a mistake for Berthgwyn's-a view that the present writer does not incline to, Oudoce's advancing years may be supposed to have necessitated the appointment of Berthgwyn as adjutor, or as suffragan. In No. XXXV. Sadoc and Guonocatui appear among the laymen. The abbreviation d. stands for dedit, or immolauit, or whatever term describes the act of the donor. CORRIGENDA P. 127. XII. for eliud read eluid for i. (concu) read iv. P. 129. XIV. for iii. (elharnn) read vi. for ii. (iudnou) read v.