Plasmonic Photocatalysts for Microbiological Applications

Maya Endo-Kimura, Ewa Kowalska
2020 Catalysts  
Wide-bandgap semiconductors modified with nanostructures of noble metals for photocatalytic activity under vis irradiation due to localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR), known as plasmonic photocatalysts, have been intensively investigated over the last decade. Most literature reports discuss the properties and activities of plasmonic photocatalysts for the decomposition of organic compounds and solar energy conversion. Although noble metals, especially silver and copper, have been known
more » ... have been known since ancient times as excellent antimicrobial agents, there are only limited studies on plasmonic photocatalysts for the inactivation of microorganisms (considering vis-excitation). Accordingly, this review has discussed the available literature reports on microbiological applications of plasmonic photocatalysis, including antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal properties, and also a novel study on other microbiological purposes, such as cancer treatment and drug delivery. Although some reports indicate high antimicrobial properties of these photocatalysts and their potential for medical/pharmaceutical applications, there is still a lack of comprehensive studies on the mechanism of their interactions with microbiological samples. Moreover, contradictory data have also been published, and thus more study is necessary for the final conclusions on the key-factor properties and the mechanisms of inactivation of microorganisms and the treatment of cancer cells.
doi:10.3390/catal10080824 fatcat:r2rtix4ytvajzejn3lujri2kfu