Improved three-dimensional color-gradient lattice Boltzmann model for immiscible two-phase flows

Z. X. Wen, Q. Li, Y. Yu, Kai H. Luo
2019 Physical review. E  
In this paper, an improved three-dimensional color-gradient lattice Boltzmann (LB) model is proposed for simulating immiscible two-phase flows. Compared with the previous three-dimensional color-gradient LB models, which suffer from the lack of Galilean invariance and considerable numerical errors in many cases owing to the error terms in the recovered macroscopic equations, the present model eliminates the error terms and therefore improves the numerical accuracy and enhances the Galilean
more » ... s the Galilean invariance. To validate the proposed model, numerical simulations are performed. First, the test of a moving droplet in a uniform flow field is employed to verify the Galilean invariance of the improved model. Subsequently, numerical simulations are carried out for the layered two-phase flow and three-dimensional Rayleigh-Taylor instability. It is shown that, using the improved model, the numerical accuracy can be significantly improved in comparison with the color-gradient LB model without the improvements. Finally, the capability of the improved color-gradient LB model for simulating dynamic two-phase flows at a relatively large density ratio is demonstrated via the simulation of droplet impact on a solid surface.
doi:10.1103/physreve.100.023301 fatcat:z3gzr2qu35d3veizli4slfeqoq