ACUTE SEVERE MITRAL REGURGITATION WITH CARDIOGENIC SHOCK CAUSED BY TWO-STEP COMPLETE ANTERIOR PAPILLARY MUSCLE RUPTURE DURING ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
Biomedical Papers of the Faculty of Medicine of Palacky University
Rupture of a papillary muscle is an infrequent but often fatal mechanical complication of acute myocardial infarction. Aim: The aim of this paper is to present a case report of a 65-year old women with acute severe mitral regurgitation with cardiogenic shock caused by two-step complete anterior papillary muscle rupture during acute myocardial infarction. The transthoracic echocardiography was obtained at the bedside and showed a posterior mitral valve prolapse with a severe mitral
... itral regurgitation. During this examination the patient developed acute pulmonary oedema and a consequent cardiogenic shock. Transthoracic echocardiography was then reevaluated and completed. New findings of bi-leaflet mitral flail and progression of massive mitral regurgitation were documented. The complete rupture of a papilary muscle was then considered as a cause of an acute clinical deterioration. Intraoperative findings showed a complete transection of both heads of anterolateral and necrotic regions of basis of posteromedial papillary muscle. Conclusions: This case confirms the importance of immediate echocardiography in confirming a diagnosis of acute mechanical complications of acute coronary syndromes and this examination is important for the management of a hemodynamically unstable patient. Echocardiography should be done immediately on any patient in whom the diagnosis of mechanical complication of acute coronary syndromes is suspected.