Pharmacokinetics, Tissue Distribution, Plasma Protein Binding Studies of 10-Dehydroxyl-12-Demethoxy-Conophylline, a Novel Anti-Tumor Candidate, in Rats
10-Dehydroxyl-12-demethoxy-conophylline is a natural anticancer candidate. The motivation of this study was to explore the pharmacokinetic profiles, tissue distribution, and plasma protein binding of 10-dehydroxyl-12-demethoxy-conophylline in Sprague Dawley rats. A rapid, sensitive, and specific ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) system with a fluorescence (FLR) detection method was developed for the determination of 10-dehydroxyl-12-demethoxy-conophylline in different rat
... erent rat biological samples. After intravenous (i.v.) dosing of 10-dehydroxyl-12-demethoxy-conophylline at different levels (4, 8, and 12 mg/kg), the half-life t1/2α of intravenous administration was about 7 min and the t1/2β was about 68 min. The AUC0→∞ increased in a dose-proportional manner from 68.478 μg/L·min for 4 mg/kg to 305.616 mg/L·min for 12 mg/kg. After intragastrical (i.g.) dosing of 20 mg/kg, plasma levels of 10-dehydroxyl-12-demethoxy-conophylline peaked at about 90 min. 10-dehydroxyl-12-demethoxy-conophyllinea absolute oral bioavailability was only 15.79%. The pharmacokinetics process of the drug was fit to a two-room model. Following a single i.v. dose (8 mg/kg), 10-dehydroxyl-12-demethoxy-conophylline was detected in all examined tissues with the highest in kidney, liver, and lung. Equilibrium dialysis was used to evaluate plasma protein binding of 10-dehydroxyl-12-demethoxy-conophylline at three concentrations (1.00, 2.50, and 5.00 µg/mL). Results indicated a very high protein binding degree (over 80%), reducing substantially the free fraction of the compound.