Ortega y Gasset's Philosophy of History [La filosofía de la historia de Ortega y Gasset]

Pedro Blas González
2018 Zenodo  
According to Ortega, human history comes about as the discovery of differentiated, self-aware life that encounters itself in a reservoir of possibilities. Properly speaking, history does not exist until man, who is a metaphysical/existential entity, becomes aware of responsibility in choice-making. For this reason, human history signifies more than just historical events. Instead, history is the outward manifestation of the trajectory of personal life, either as ensimismamiento or alteración.
more » ... to or alteración. In Toward a Philosophy of History, Ortega explains history as a vital process that originates in the exuberance of free will. In Ortega's thought, history is the domain of metaphysical/existential beings, and not the culmination of a "blind" process. Ortega's philosophy of history locates history-making in the choices of individuals through vital reason. This is what he ultimately means by historical reason. Abstraction, he suggests, revolts against life.
doi:10.5281/zenodo.2550964 fatcat:kure3gdcsvd2bg7maookqxwvay