A copy of this work was available on the public web and has been preserved in the Wayback Machine. The capture dates from 2019; you can also visit the original URL.
The file type is
The problem of attributing responsibility for cyber-attacks is almost as old ascyberspace itself, yet it remains one of the most troublesome issues of that domain. It is oftenimpossible to uncover direct evidence that would reveal the identities of the attackers. Investigatorsmust therefore rely on other, more indirect avenues of proof. The aim of this exploratory study is todevelop a basic categorisation of indirect evidence that can be used to attribute state responsibilityfor cyber-attacksdoi:10.32422/mv.1585 fatcat:iaaf44edojepfkdzrt2aavqppm