Effect of Ethanol Extract of Whole Plant of Trichosanthes cucumerina var. cucumerina L. on Gonadotropins, Ovarian Follicular Kinetics and Estrous Cycle for Screening of Antifertility Activity in Albino Rats

Devendra N Kage, Vijaykumar B Malashetty, Y. N Seetharam, P Suresh, Saraswati B Patil
2009 International Journal of Morphology  
MALASHETTY, V. B.; SEETHARAM, Y. N.; SURESH, P. & PATIL, S. B. Effect of ethanol extract of whole plant of Trichosanthes cucumerina var. Cucumerina L. on gonadotropins, ovarian follicular kinetics and estrous cycle for screening o antifertility activity in albin rats. Int. J. Morphol., 27(1):173-182, 2009. SUMMARY: Ethanol extract of whole plant of Trichosanthes cucumerina L. var. cucumerina was evaluated for antiovulatory activity in adult rats. The ethanol extract at the doses 200 and
more » ... ses 200 and 400mg/kg body weight (orally) affected the normal estrous cycle showing a significant increase in estrus and metestrus phases and decrease in diestrus and proestrus phases. The extract also significantly reduced the number of healthy follicles (Class I-Class VI) and corpora lutea and increased the number of regressing follicles (Stage IA, Stage IB, Stage IIA, and Stage IIB). The protein and glycogen content in the ovaries were significantly reduced in treated rats. The cholesterol level was significantly increased, whereas, the enzyme activities like 3b-HSD and 17b-HSD were significantly inhibited in the ovary of treated rats. Serum FSH and LH levels were significantly reduced in the treated groups were measured by RIA. In acute toxicity test, neither mortality nor change in the behavior or any other physiological activities in mice were observed in the treated groups. In chronic toxicity studies, no mortality was recorded and there were no significant differences in the body and organ weights were observed between controls and treated rats. Hematological analysis showed no significant differences in any of the parameters examined (RBC, WBC count and Hemoglobin estimation). These observations showed the antiovulatory activity of ethanol extract of whole plant of Trichosanthes cucumerina L. var. cucumerina in female albino rats. KAGE, D. N.; MALASHETTY, V. B.; SEETHARAM, Y. N.; SURESH P. & PATIL, S. B. Effect of ethanol extract of whole plant of Trichosanthes cucumerina var. Cucumerina L. on gonadotropins, ovarian follicular kinetics and estrous cycle for screening o antifertility activity in albin rats. KAGE, D. N.; MALASHETTY, V. B.; SEETHARAM, Y. N.; SURESH P. & PATIL, S. B. Effect of ethanol extract of whole plant of Trichosanthes cucumerina var. Cucumerina L. on gonadotropins, ovarian follicular kinetics and estrous cycle for screening o antifertility activity in albin rats. Int. J. Morphol., 27(1):173-182, 2009.
doi:10.4067/s0717-95022009000100030 fatcat:2rze57yqozgs3nszhtfna6ja4e