Haematology in the early diagnosis of cattle diseases - a review

Beata Abramowicz, Department and Clinic of Animal Internal Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland, Łukasz Kurek, Krzysztof Lutnicki
2019 Veterinarski arhiv (Tisak)  
Laboratory blood tests are not only an important element of the assessment of the general condition of animals, but they are also important for the early diagnosis of many diseases. In modern buiatrics laboratory tests are most frequently limited to the analysis of metabolic profiles, using selected biochemical tests. This reductionist approach results from economic reasons and ignores the possibility of using haematological tests, often limiting the possibility of a certain diagnosis.
more » ... diagnosis. Haematology (Greek αιµα [ema] -blood) concerns the issues related to blood and the haematopoietic system, which is the first to respond to any disruptions in intrabody homeostasis. These changes guide the veterinarian in the search for a diagnosis and are indispensable in monitoring the effectiveness of treatment. Haematology can also be useful in managing a herd of cattle. In this article, the most recent data regarding the use of blood screening in livestock and the prophylaxis and treatment of dairy cattle are presented. The article presents the possibilities of using haematology in diagnostics, therapy and in the raising of dairy cattle. The most common causes of changes in haematological parameters in cattle are also discussed. introduction Modern cattle livestock production is based on well-balanced nutrition, appropriate zoohygienic care, animal well-being, as well as prophylaxis in the herd. The appropriate implementation of this goal requires comprehensive clinical diagnostics as well as laboratory testing of the feed. The availability of clinical assessment methods for a veterinary physician is often limited, not to mention the restrictions due to economic reasons. Very often a veterinary surgeon is forced to rely solely on his own professional experience and the limited results of biochemical blood tests, in the absence of comprehensive haematology. In recent times, more publications have been discussing
doi:10.24099/vet.arhiv.0700 fatcat:wgylzhkxnvfsbltfid5vnxrzca