Development and Evaluation of Porcine Atelocollagen Vitrigel Membrane With a Spherical Curve and Transplantable Artificial Corneal Endothelial Grafts

Junko Yoshida, Ayumi Oshikata-Miyazaki, Seiichi Yokoo, Satoru Yamagami, Toshiaki Takezawa, Shiro Amano
2014 Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science  
Citation: Yoshida J, Oshikata-Miyazaki A, Yokoo S, Yamagami S, Takezawa T, Amano S. Development and evaluation of porcine atelocollagen vitrigel membrane with a spherical curve and transplantable artificial corneal endothelial grafts. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2014;55:4975-4981. PURPOSE. To develop a collagen vitrigel (CV) optimized as a corneal endothelial cell (CEC) carrier and create an artificial corneal endothelial graft. METHODS. We first developed a flat-shaped collagen vitrigel for
more » ... en vitrigel for regenerative medicine (CV-RM) using porcine atelocollagen and ultraviolet (UV) irradiation. The optimal UV amount was determined by measuring the CV-RM transparency under various irradiating conditions. The collagen vitrigel for corneal endothelial regenerative treatment (CV-CERT), a transparent porcine atelocollagen with a curved shape, was made using spherically curved molds and UV irradiation. The membrane permeability of the CV-CERT was tested in vitro. The biocompatibility, transparency, and adhesiveness of the CV-CERT were evaluated in rabbit eyes. We also developed a culture technique for distributing human CECs on the curved CV-CERT. RESULTS. The optimal amount of UV irradiation for CV-RM transparency was 2400 mJ/cm 2 . Membrane permeability of CV-CERT at day 5 was higher than that of commercially available CV (P ¼ 0.032). The CV-CERT was transparent and biocompatible in rabbit corneas for up to 4 months. The CV-CERT remained attached to the rabbit corneal posterior surface, whereas the flat-shaped CV-RM, differing only in shape from the CV-CERT, dislocated soon after surgery. Human CECs seeded on the CV-CERT using our technique were evenly distributed with a single layer structure and a mean cell density of 2650 6 100 cells/mm 2 . CONCLUSIONS. We developed a transparent and biocompatible porcine-derived atelocollagen vitrigel membrane with a spherical curvature. A transplantable artificial endothelial graft was created by combining cultured human CECs and the CV-CERT
doi:10.1167/iovs.14-14211 pmid:25028359 fatcat:sokze35gbveqnm4izq3inwip74