The Variation of Psychological Distress according to Attachment Anxiety with Regard to the Mediating Role of Perfectionism
نقش واسطه‌ای کمال‌گرایی در رابطه بین اضطراب دلبستگی و پریشانی روان‌شناختی

2019 Journal of Health System Research  
As a maladaptive psychological function, psychological distress has been predicted by different variables. The aim of the current study was to predict variations in psychological distress according to attachment anxiety with regard to the mediating role of perfectionism. Methods: This descriptive and correlational study was conducted on 280 bachelor and master students of Shahed University, Tehran, Iran. The study subjects were selected using a cluster sampling technique among those studying in
more » ... g those studying in the first semester of 2017-18. The employed tools in the present study included Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 item (DASS-21), Experiences in Close Relationship-Revised (ECR-R), and Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (FMPS). The obtained data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 23) and AMOS (version 18). Findings: The findings demonstrated that attachment anxiety had a positive significant relationship with anxiety, depression, stress, and perfectionism (P<0.01). Findings in structural equation modeling confirmed the mediating role of perfectionism in the relationship between attachment anxiety and all three dimensions of psychological distress. Conclusion: The obtained results of the current research confirmed the mediating role of perfectionism in the relationship between attachment anxiety and psychological distress. Therefore, the roles of the mentioned variables are considered important in the development of interpersonal, family, and therapeutic relationships.
doi:10.32592/hsr.2019.15.1.105 fatcat:jnq2kthcbnbc7fonoadxfhbefi