Anomaly Detection in Big Data [article]

Chandresh Kumar Maurya
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Anomaly is defined as a state of the system that do not conform to the normal behavior. For example, the emission of neutrons in a nuclear reactor channel above the specified threshold is an anomaly. Big data refers to the data set that is high volume, streaming, heterogeneous, distributed and often sparse. Big data is not uncommon these days. For example, as per Internet live stats, the number of tweets posted per day has gone above 500 millions. Due to data explosion in data laden domains,
more » ... ditional anomaly detection techniques developed for small data sets scale poorly on large-scale data sets. Therefore, we take an alternative approach to tackle anomaly detection in big data. Essentially, there are two ways to scale anomaly detection in big data. The first is based on the online learning and the second is based on the distributed learning. Our aim in the thesis is to tackle big data problems while detecting anomaly efficiently. To that end, we first take streaming issue of the big data and propose Passive-Aggressive GMEAN (PAGMEAN) algorithms. Although, online learning algorithm can scale well over large number of data points and dimensions, they can not process data when it is distributed at multiple locations; which is quite common these days. Therefore, we propose anomaly detection algorithm which is inherently distributed using ADMM. Finally, we present a case study on anomaly detection in nuclear power plant data.
arXiv:2203.01684v1 fatcat:3w5yogrqwnasdn3niubj2pgghi