Synthesis of Terpyridine End-Modified Polystyrenes through ATRP for Facile Construction of Metallo-Supramolecular P3HT-b-PS Diblock Copolymers
Complementary complexation between 2,2′:6′,2″-terpyridine (tpy) and 6,6″-dianthracenyl-substituted tpy in the presence of Zn(II) ions provided an efficient strategy for construction of metallo-supramolecular diblock copolymers. To synthesize well-defined tpy-modified polystyrenes (PSs), an Fe(II) bis(tpy) complex bearing α-bromoester as a metallo-initiator was applied to atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) to avoid poisoning the Cu(I) catalyst. Subsequently, a series of
... of tpy-functionalized PSs was obtained after the decomplexation of <tpy-Fe(II)-tpy> junction by tetrakis(triethylammonium) ethylenediaminetetraacetate (TEA-EDTA) under mild conditions. The metallo-supramolecular poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT)-block-PS diblock copolymers were prepared by simply mixing the corresponding terminally tpy-modified homopolymers with Zn(II) ions, and further characterized by 1H NMR and diffusion ordered spectroscopy (DOSY) experiments. The approach using metallo-initiators for ATRP offers an opportunity to construct tpy-functionalized polymers with controllable molecular weights and low polydispersities. Through the spontaneous heteroleptic complexation, a variety of metallo-supramolecular diblock copolymers with tunable block ratios can be easily constructed.