GENETIC ALGORITHM OPTIMIZATION FOR MICROSTRIP PATCH ANTENNA MINIATURIZATION

Mohammed Lamsalli, Abdelouahab El Hamichi, Mohamed Boussouis, Naima Amar Touhami, Tajeddin Elhamadi
2016 Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters  
The miniaturization of the patch antenna has become an important issue in reducing the volume of entire communication system. This paper presents an improved method of size reduction of a microstrip antenna using the genetic algorithm. The shape of a typical rectangular patch is modified in order to reduce it resonance frequency keeping the physical volume of the antenna constant. Indeed, the initial patch is divided into 10 × 10 small uniform rectangles (Pixel), and the genetic algorithm
more » ... tic algorithm searches, the optimal configuration for the desired goal. The resonance frequency of a micro-strip patch is shifted from 4.9 GHz to 2.16 GHz and a rate of miniaturization is up to 82%. To validate the procedure, an antenna prototype has been fabricated and tested with an FR4 substrate. The measurements results were in good agreement with simulation ones.
doi:10.2528/pierl16041907 fatcat:yhgamxmkdrfjzevlag7gvsflcu