Chitosan-Coated Flexible Liposomes Magnify the Anticancer Activity and Bioavailability of Docetaxel: Impact on Composition

Mohammed Alshraim, Sibghatullah Sangi, Gamaleldin Harisa, Abdullah Alomrani, Osman Yusuf, Mohamed Badran
2019 Molecules  
Flexible liposomes (FLs) were developed as promising nano-carriers for anticancer drugs. Coating them with chitosan (CS) could improve their drug delivery properties. The aim of this study was to investigate the physicochemical characteristics, pharmacokinetics behavior, and cytotoxic efficacy of docetaxel (DTX)-loaded CS-coated FLs (C-FLs). DTX-loaded FLs and C-FLs were produced via thin-film evaporation and electrostatic deposition methods, respectively. To explore their physicochemical
more » ... ysicochemical characterization, the particle size, zeta potential, encapsulation efficiency (EE%), morphology, and DTX release profiles were determined. In addition, pharmacokinetic studies were performed, and cytotoxic effect was assessed using colon cancer cells (HT29). Various FLs, dependent on the type of surfactant, were formed with particle sizes in the nano-range, 137.6 ± 6.3 to 238.2 ± 14.2 nm, and an EE% of 59–94%. Moreover, the zeta potential shifted from a negative to a positive value for C-FL with increased particle size and EE%, and the in vitro sustained-release profiles of C-FL compared to those of FL were evident. The optimized C-FL containing sodium deoxycholate (NDC) and dicetyl phosphate (DP) elicited enhanced pharmacokinetic parameters and cytotoxic efficiency compared to those of the uncoated ones and Onkotaxel®. In conclusion, this approach offers a promising solution for DTX delivery.
doi:10.3390/molecules24020250 fatcat:xaajyi7bq5gonddmstcn56gjha