The Effects of Self-Focused Attention on Mood: Differences of Self-Aspect Valence while Self-Focusing

Rie Tabuchi, Asami Yamazaki, Megumi Oikawa
2017 Psychology  
Self-focused attention is a primary risk factor for depression in adolescents. Previous studies have suggested that sustained self-focus ultimately leads to depression. However, in recent years, it has been suggested that focusing on all aspects of the self, both positive and negative, has a positive effect on mental health. Hence, in this study, we aimed to explore adaptive self-focusing and examined the effects on mood following manipulation of the self-aspect (i.e., both positive and
more » ... ositive and negative aspects of self, only positive, and only negative). Eighty-eight Japanese undergraduate and graduate students participated in the experiment. Results suggest that focusing on both positive and negative aspects of the self does not amplify depressed mood. Furthermore, this type of self-focus also does not decrease positive mood, and exhibits the same adaptive effects on mood as focusing only on positive aspects of the self.
doi:10.4236/psych.2017.89093 fatcat:d4i3xxb5l5ed7mihr4iq2ji3ya