Influence of El Niño and La Niña phenomena on seasonality of the relative frequency of rainfall in southern Amazonas mesoregion

Altemar Lopes Pedreira Junior, Carlos Alexandre Santos Querino, Marcelo Sacardi Biudes, Nadja Gomes Machado, Luiz Octavio Fabricio dos Santos, Israel Oliveira Ivo
2020 Revista Brasileira de Recursos Hídricos  
The global and Amazon climate change, mainly in rainfall, due to the El Niño and La Ninã phenomena. The objective of this study was to analyze the relative frequency (RF) of rainfall, in different periods of the day, during occurrences of El Niño, La Niña events and neutrality condition. The research was carried out in the Southern mesoregion of the state of Amazonas (Apuí, Boca do Acre, Lábrea, Manicoré and Humaitá). Data were analyzed by the Spiegel´s method. The rainfall data were obtained
more » ... ata were obtained from the Global Land Data Assimilation database from January 1st, 2000 to December 31st, 2018. Data were made available every three hours and integrated into six hours. RF of rainfall was higher in the afternoon in La Niña, Neutro and El Niño years in all municipalities. The RF in La Niña year was higher than during El Niño. The RF during the Neutral year was higher than during El Niño in Apuí and Boca do Acre, and had no difference in Lábrea, Manicoré and Humaitá. The rainfall in the southern Amazon mesoregion was more frequent during the afternoon.
doi:10.1590/2318-0331.252020190152 fatcat:xvlvjzi5jvfnzc5ct7jlsvwesa