Adaptive partitioning of urban facades
Proceedings of the 2011 SIGGRAPH Asia Conference on - SA '11
Figure 1 : Given input unorganized point clouds of 3D urban facades, a recursive adaptive partitioning is automatically performed to build a hierarchy of building blocks upon them (from left to right). The splitting direction, number and location of splitting planes are all adaptively determined in each step. Repetitive patterns are indicated by different colors. Abstract Automatically discovering high-level facade structures in unorganized 3D point clouds of urban scenes is crucial for
... crucial for applications like digitalization of real cities. However, this problem is challenging due to poor-quality input data, contaminated with severe missing areas, noise and outliers. This work introduces the concept of adaptive partitioning to automatically derive a flexible and hierarchical representation of 3D urban facades. Our key observation is that urban facades are largely governed by concatenated and/or interlaced grids. Hence, unlike previous automatic facade analysis works which are typically restricted to globally rectilinear grids, we propose to automatically partition the facade in an adaptive manner, in which the splitting direction, the number and location of splitting planes are all adaptively determined. Such an adaptive partition operation is performed recursively to generate a hierarchical representation of the facade. We show that the concept of adaptive partitioning is also applicable to flexible and robust analysis of image facades. We evaluate our method on a dozen of LiDAR scans of various complexity and styles, and the image facades from the eTRIMS database and the Ecole Centrale Paris database. A series of applications that benefit from our approach are also demonstrated.