Relation between Red Cell Distribution Width and Mortality in Critically Ill Patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
BioMed Research International
Background. Currently, evidence regarding the predictive significance of red blood cell distribution width (RDW) among patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) remains scarce. The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic value of RDW for critically ill patients with ARDS. Methods. We studied all patients with ARDS from the Multiparameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care Database III (MIMIC-III) for whom RDW was available. The clinical outcomes were 30-day and
... were 30-day and 90-day mortality. Analyses included logistic multivariate regression model, Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) analysis, and subgroup analysis. Results. A total of 404 eligible ARDS patients were included. After adjustment for several clinical characteristics related to 30-day mortality, the adjusted OR (95% CIs) for RDW levels ≥14.5% was 1.91 (1.08, 3.39). A similar trend was observed for 90-day mortality. The RDW levels ≥14.5% were also an independent predictor of 90-day mortality (OR, 2.56; 95% CI, 1.50 to 4.37; P = 0.0006) compared with the low RDW levels (<14.5%). In subgroup analyses, RDW showed no significant interactions with other relevant risk factors for 30-day mortality. Conclusions. RDW appeared to be a novel, independent predictor of mortality in critically ill patients with ARDS.