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Levulinate ester has been identified as a promising renewable fuel additive and platform chemical. Here, the use of a wide range of common metal salts as acid catalysts for catalytic upgrading of biomass-derived furfuryl alcohol to butyl levulinate was explored by conventional heating. Both alkali and alkaline earth metal chlorides did not lead effectively to the conversion of furfuryl alcohol, while several transition metal chlorides (CrCl 3 , FeCl 3 , and CuCl 2 ) and AlCl 3 exhibiteddoi:10.3390/catal6090143 fatcat:gqnzpzqjl5ds7hnfy2b6zgieg4