The Introduction of Laparoscopic Appendectomy in a Teaching Hospital
Medical Principles and Practice
ABC Fax + 41 61 306 12 34 E-Mail email@example.com www.karger.com Abstract Objectives: A retrospective study of laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) versus open appendectomy (OA) was performed on patients with suspected acute appendicitis. Patients were selected for OA or LA according to the clinical evaluation, and preference of the surgeon. Methods: Over a 2-year period 180 patients were included, of whom 94 patients underwent OA, and 86 patients underwent LA. Results: LA was successfully completed
... essfully completed in 76 patients (88.3%). The mean hospital stay in OA was 3.2 days versus 2.7 days in LA. The mean operative time was shorter in OA than in LA (51.6 versus 59.8 min). There was no significant difference in convalescence between both the groups, however, there was a tendency towards less narcotic requirement among the LA group. Postoperative complications in patients who underwent OA included: chest infection (3 pa-tients), wound infection (4 patients), thrombophlebitis (1 patient). Complications after LA included: pelvic collection (1 patient), chest infection (1 patient), ileus (1 patient). There was no wound infection in the LA group. There was no death in either groups. Conclusion: LA is a safe procedure comparable to OA, however, it requires skills in laparoscopy and prospective randomized trials are needed to confirm its advantages over conventional appendectomy.