A Study on the Perception of Elderly Well-Dying Using Q-methodology
International Journal of Current Research and Review
Erikson(1963) said that an old man who achieved self-integration, a developmental task in his old age, embraces his life and easily accepts death. The elderly, especially those close to death, are increasingly interested in when and how they die rather than death itself, which has increased their interest in well-dying socially 5 . Whether it is a death that comes naturally to an old man or a sudden death that comes to a young man, death is a part of life that everyone needs . ABSTRACT
... . ABSTRACT Introduction: This paper is the increase of old population and expansion of life span, various education programs for the elderly have been performed in elderly schools and senior welfare centres. Those programs must include contents on the perception of well-dying and preparation for well-dying. Aim and Objective: This study helps us to grasp the subjectivity and the characteristics of each type of how Korean elderly perceive good death. By applying the Q methodology, 31 elderly aged 65 or older living in G metropolitan city were selected as a convenient sampling method to classify 28 sentences of well-dying. Data were collected by distributing 28 selected Q samples on a Q distribution on a 9-point scale. Collected data were analyzed by Q factor after making data-file. The collected data scored the conversion points assigned to each of -4 with 1 point, 5 points neutral, and 9 points +4 with cards forcibly distributed on the Q sample distribution table. By coding the given conversion scores in order of Q sample number, Using PQ method. As a result, the well-being perceived by the elderly was recognized as three types of Type1 is 'accepting death', Type 2 is 'preparing death' and Type3 is 'peaceful death'. Conclusion: The results of this study will be used as a basis for developing a more in-depth well-dying education program, specific and differentiated well-dying education is needed based on the perception of the death of the elderly and interventions from the perspective of the elderly to prepare for well-dying. It is hoped that, In the future, more research using the findings of this research, and based on the survey on the perception of well-dying among different age groups will be made, and educational programs will be developed.