A profile of coping skills in patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome
Indian Journal of Mental Health(IJMH)
Coping skills adopted by patients suffering from chronic diseases such as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) can impact the psychological well-being and outcome. This however has not been adequately studied in India. The aims of the study were to to study the type of coping skills used by the patients of PCOS, to evaluate any difference in coping skills between patients with and without psychiatric co-morbidity and to study any correlation between coping skills and quality of life and body-mass
... life and body-mass index. Materials and Methods: 70 females in the reproductive age group (18-45 years) diagnosed with PCOS as per Rotterdam's Criteria without any pre-existing psychiatric illness were clinically interviewed for presence of anxiety and depression. Their coping skills were assessed using Brief Cope Scale. Their quality of life was evaluated using World Health Organization Quality Of Life -BREF Scale. The scores were compared using paired and unpaired t test and ANOVA. Results: Patients used both adaptive and maladaptive coping skills but scores on adaptive coping skills were higher than those on maladaptive coping. Problem focused coping was significantly higher than both emotional coping and dysfunctional coping. There was no significant difference in the coping skills in patients with and without psychiatric morbidity. There was no significant correlation between coping and quality of life and body-mass index. Conclusion: Coping skills did not have a significant impact on the psychiatric morbidity or quality of life or body-mass index among patient with PCOS.