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Computing complexity measures for quantum states based on exponential families

Sönke Niekamp, Tobias Galla, Matthias Kleinmann, Otfried Gühne

2013
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Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical
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Given a multiparticle quantum state, one may ask whether it can be represented as a thermal state of some Hamiltonian with k-particle interactions only. The distance from the exponential family defined by these thermal states can be considered as a measure of complexity of a given state. We investigate the resulting optimization problem and show how symmetries can be exploited to simplify the task of finding the nearest thermal state in a given exponential family. We also present an algorithm
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... sent an algorithm for the computation of the complexity measure and consider specific examples to demonstrate its applicability.

doi:10.1088/1751-8113/46/12/125301
fatcat:njm7ymlstjepbcghsmjspgqbli