Earthquake Hazard Perception Of The Education Stakeholders In Sukabumi Regency, West Java, Indonesia
Journal of Physics, Conference Series
The western part of Java is adjacent to the intersection of major tectonic plates between Eurasia and Indo-Australia. This region is often stricken by natural disasters due to its tectonic and geological setting, such as earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, floods, and landslides. West Java Province with more than 40 million inhabitants is the most populous region in Indonesia, where Sukabumi Regency in the southwestern part of this province is known for the frequent location of
... cation of earthquake. In the southwestern part of Sukabumi Regency, the Ciletuh-Pelabuhan Ratu Geopark has been recognized as one of the newest UNESCO Global Geopark. This study concerns about assignment of Geopark area, which will increase the visit of tourists despite its vulnerable condition to earthquake event. Schools as part of education sector in the study area are functioned as central location for people-based education as well as shelter when disaster happens. This paper is aimed to reveal the perception of earthquake hazard and knowledge among school community as disaster stakeholders. This study is carried out on schools near the vulnerable areas to earthquake events. Several schools had been visited and examined the curriculum, disaster preparedness for earthquake, and mitigation activities. The earthquake brochures and GIS-based vulnerability maps were distributed to students and school's library. Discussion about the maps with the teachers and students are conducted to examine the understanding of contents as well as to obtain their perception about earthquake. Results showed that earthquake vulnerability map increased the knowledge and gained positive perception on how to respond during earthquake event because initially most of participants were unaware what to do when earthquake happen. This result suggests that dissemination and improvement on perception to respond the earthquake are deeply needed. The school community as disaster stakeholder can play an important role on community-based disaster risk mitigation.