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The ionic separation efficiency of a novel membrane module comprising an array of microchannel units is analyzed. Under the Debye-Hückel approximation, we derive a semianalytical expression for the ionic separation efficiency. Analyses reveal that the effects of the size of the microchannel, the fixed charge density in the membrane layer, and the permittivity of the membrane layer on ionic separation efficiency depend strongly on the valence type of electrolyte in treated water. Under thedoi:10.1016/j.jcis.2006.11.043 pmid:17204282 fatcat:kvkgrfe6lrbypdinnjckmm7rpi