A new "topography of devotion" [chapter]

2020 Urban Religion in Late Antiquity  
The late third-century emperorA urelian'sf ashioning of Sol Invictus worship wasb oth innovative and influential for the religion and "topography of devotion" of the city of Rome. As Idemonstrate in this paper,Aurelian'splacement of am onumental templum of Sol Invictus in the CampusA grippaeR egion of the city linked Aurelian'scultand his victory over the Eastern queen Zenobia of Palmyraw ith the monuments and victories of Augustus over Cleopatra, still physicallyv isiblei nt he nearby Campus
more » ... he nearby Campus Martius across the nearby ViaL ata. This new topographyofSolar devotion alsos poke to the military ties of its worshipers, for it wasl odgedn ear to the preexistingc ampso ft he urban cohorts whose newlybuilt -or rebuilt -barracks were located closeby within the recently constructed Aurelianic walls. Aurelian also ushered in new rites and expanded the bodyofSolar worshippers to incorporate senatorial elites through the establishmentofanew priestlycollegetoSol in Rome. By includingmultiple levels of society into his reformed Sol Invictus cult and by connectingh is patronage to topographical traditions in the city of Rome, Aurelian demonstrated how auniversalizing religious impulse supported by anew emperor could unite acity and its society.H ea lsoc hanged the religious identity of the city which, by the midfourth century,was known for its devotion not just to Jupiter,b ut to Sol. Later emperors would strive to build support for their rule by following Aurelian and appealingtoauniversalizing cult that built upon pre-existing topographical associations in the city of Rome.
doi:10.1515/9783110641813-007 fatcat:t6557g7rsfgnbf7htpuggaq63u