Perceived occupational gaps among the Ugandan general population - a pilot study

Susanne Guidetti, Matilda Utbult, Julius Kamwesiga, Gunilla Eriksson
2019 South African Journal of Occupational Therapy  
Purpose: This study aimed at culturally adapting the Occupational Gaps Questionnaire and to describe gaps which may exist during participation in everyday occupations i.e. the discrepancy between what a person wants to do and what he or she actually does in everyday life, in a reference sample from an English-speaking population in Uganda and furthermore to explore differences in occupational gaps between the Ugandan and Swedish reference samples. Method: A cross-sectional design was used and
more » ... sign was used and data were collected using the Occupational Gaps Questionnaire in four different districts in Uganda (n = 252). The Swedish representative sample included 771 people. Results: Occupational gaps were reported by 91% of the participants (mean=5.8; SD=3.9) in Uganda. The number of gaps per person was higher than in the Swedish sample. The most common gaps in the Ugandan sample were reported as Working (42%), Studying (37%) and Hobbies (35%) in comparison to Cleaning (29%), Sports (23%) Hobbies as well as Travelling for pleasure (20%) in the Swedish sample. Younger participants perceived significantly more gaps than older participants in both samples. Conclusions: The majority of the participants perceived gaps, indicating that occupational gaps are perceived to a greater extent in Uganda.
doi:10.17159/2310-3833/2019/vol49n3a4 fatcat:7g5hhtjtjvfevapngmoz7wm7uy