Real-Time Control for the EHU Stellarator

Garrido, Maseda, Martija, Garrido
2019 Symmetry  
At present, two main magnetic confinement fusion devices exist: tokamaks and stellarators. Moreover, stellarators have been demonstrated to be a good alternative to tokamaks, due to their ability to operate in continuous mode, which eventually translates into a higher commercial profitability. In stellarators, the magnetic confinement of the plasma is achieved exclusively by the coils, thus no electric current through the plasma is needed. In particular, this article presents the Columbia
more » ... the Columbia Non-Neutral Torus stellarator that is located in the Automatic Control Group of Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea (EHU). This EHU stellarator maintains symmetry in its structure due to the topology of the mesh that is formed by its coils. A cornerstone of future fusion reactors is to obtain real-time control that enables a sustained reaction. In this article, a control-oriented model for the installed magnetic confinement coils is presented. The model is based on matrices that preserve symmetry, which is defined from physical principles and then validated by different sets of experimental data. Then, based on this model, a novel predictive control suited to this particular model with symmetric objective function is implemented in the numerical simulations, and its response is compared to that of traditional controllers. Finally, this control is implemented in a real plant and the satisfactory experiment results provide validation of both the numerical model and proposed controller.
doi:10.3390/sym12010011 fatcat:bjzmwtkbrzge3i2sif6hcf5wg4