JOASAPH (MITKEVICH) - PRIEST, SCHOLAR, POLITICIAN AND FRIEND OF THE EMPRESS. ABOUT THE BISHOP OF THE ENLIGHTENMENT
Vestnik Udmurtskogo universiteta. Istoriâ i filologiâ
This article is devoted to the analysis of activity of Bishop of Belgorod and Obolensk Joasaph (Mitkevich) (1724 - 1763). Vladyka Joasaph was known for his multilateral and multidirectional activity not only in the sphere of church administration, but also in other spheres: public, scientific, and political. During his ministry in the Belgorod Diocese, he let himself be known not only as a good priest, but also as an outstanding administrator, a wonderful educator, a talented scholar, and at
... scholar, and at the end of his life also as a far-sighted politician, who unmistakably foresaw new political trends and one of the first to congratulate the future Empress Catherine II on her accession to the throne, although at that time the fact that she would hold on to power was not yet obvious. Although sometimes the methods of his action could be called rather harsh, and sometimes even severe (take at least very strict punishments for ignorant or guilty priests), but in general his activities benefited the eparchy entrusted to him. On the basis of archival documents, the authors investigate the most diverse aspects of the activity of this church hierarch. The thesis is advanced that Joasaph (Mitkevich) fully implemented the ideal of the "Bishop of the Enlightenment" that emerged at the end of the 18th century.