THE NATIONAL MISSION AND THE CREED
Journal of Theological Studies
REVIEWS 83 The Church and the New Knowledge. By E. M. CAILLARD. (Longmans, Green and Co., 1915.) THE first five chapters seem to me the most interesting part of this volume in the ' Layman's Library'. In them Miss Caillard has done good service by bringing together within a small compass the results of modern scientific investigation and psychological theory in their bearing on man's physical system and his mental processes and potentialities. On these results she sets great hopes for the
... hopes for the humanity of the future, granted an adequate moral ideal and dynamic; for, as she points out in respect of physical purity, the mere knowledge of the evil results of vice is not a sufficient deterrent. The suggestions of an order beyond that of nature, hinted at by science, are confirmed by Christianity, which further supplies what is needful in power and inspiration, if man is to have communion with that order. Miss Caillard's Christianity is of the Alexandrine rather than of the Augustinian type: sin appears in her pages as an obstacle rather than as guilt, Christ as the Ideal Man who has shewn to men the true way, which it is open for them also to take: at the same time Miss Caillard does not reduce the historic incarnation to a supreme example of divine immanence. She makes much of the social side of Christianity without forgetting the importance of the individual, and in her remarks on physical health and the ' Redemption of the Body' avoids the extremes to which her general point of view "can rather easily lead. Miss Caillard is not a rigorous thinker, at least in theology, but it is quite possible that this volume may save some of those who like the kind of outlook presented in it from drifting away into quackery or but nominally Christian systems.