Surfactant-Assisted Perovskite Nanofillers Incorporated in Quaternized Poly (Vinyl Alcohol) Composite Membrane as an Effective Hydroxide-Conducting Electrolyte

Selvaraj Rajesh Kumar, Wei-Ting Ma, Hsin-Chun Lu, Li-Wei Teng, Hung-Chun Hsu, Chao-Ming Shih, Chun-Chen Yang, Shingjiang Lue
2017 Energies  
Perovskite LaFeO 3 nanofillers (0.1%) are incorporated into a quaternized poly(vinyl alcohol) (QPVA) matrix for use as hydroxide-conducting membranes in direct alkaline methanol fuel cells (DAMFCs). The as-synthesized LaFeO 3 nanofillers are amorphous and functionalized with cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) surfactant. The annealed LaFeO 3 nanofillers are crystalline without CTAB. The QPVA/CTAB-coated LaFeO 3 composite membrane shows a defect-free structure while the QPVA/annealed LaFeO 3
more » ... A/annealed LaFeO 3 film has voids at the interfaces between the soft polymer and rigid nanofillers. The QPVA/CTAB-coated LaFeO 3 composite has lower methanol permeability and higher ionic conductivity than the pure QPVA and QPVA/annealed LaFeO 3 films. We suggest that the CTAB-coated LaFeO 3 provides three functions to the polymeric composite: increasing polymer free volume, ammonium group contributor, and plasticizer to enhance the interfacial compatibility. The composite containing CTAB-coated LaFeO 3 results in superior cell performance. A maximum power density of 272 mW cm −2 is achieved, which is among the highest power outputs reported for DAMFCs in the literature.
doi:10.3390/en10050615 fatcat:j4fjwmruxnflvm6jtv66zrtrqu