ASC-Mediated Inflammation and Pyroptosis Attenuates Brucella abortus Pathogenesis Following the Recognition of gDNA

Juselyn D. Tupik, Sheryl L. Coutermarsh-Ott, Angela H. Benton, Kellie A. King, Hanna D. Kiryluk, Clayton C. Caswell, Irving C. Allen
2020 Pathogens  
Brucella abortus is a zoonotic pathogen that causes brucellosis. Because of Brucella's unique LPS layer and intracellular localization predominately within macrophages, it can often evade immune detection. However, pattern recognition receptors are capable of sensing Brucella pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPS). For example, NOD-like receptors (NLRs) can form a multi-protein inflammasome complex to attenuate Brucella pathogenesis. The inflammasome activates IL-1β and IL-18 to drive
more » ... nd IL-18 to drive immune cell recruitment. Alternatively, inflammasome activation also initiates inflammatory cell death, termed pyroptosis, which augments bacteria clearance. In this report, we assess canonical and non-canonical inflammasome activation following B. abortus infection. We conducted in vivo studies using Asc−/− mice and observed decreased mouse survival, immune cell recruitment, and increased bacteria load. We also conducted studies with Caspase-11−/− mice and did not observe any significant impact on B. abortus pathogenesis. Through mechanistic studies using Asc−/− macrophages, our data suggests that the protective role of ASC may result from the induction of pyroptosis through a gasdermin D-dependent mechanism in macrophages. Additionally, we show that the recognition of Brucella is facilitated by sensing the PAMP gDNA rather than the less immunogenic LPS. Together, these results refine our understanding of the role that inflammasome activation and pyroptosis plays during brucellosis.
doi:10.3390/pathogens9121008 pmid:33266295 fatcat:4abpslaz2fbzjk7mjjwo7ujo34