A CIRCULAÇÃO DE PESSOAS INFLUENCIA A DISPONIBILIDADE DE RESTAURANTES, BARES E LANCHONETES? UM ESTUDO NO MUNICÍPIO DE SÃO PAULO
DEMETRA: Alimentação, Nutrição & Saúde
Objective: To describe the distribution of restaurants, bars and snack bars in the city of São Paulo-SP, Brazil; and to evaluate the correlation between the density of these establishments and the public transport network, used as a proxy of circulation of people. Methods: Cross-sectional study in which were audited all restaurants, bars and snack bars and the like, found in 52 census tracts assessed, belonging to 13 different administrative districts of São Paulo. Descriptive analysis was
... e analysis was performed on data and correlation between the density of establishments and public transportation network, adjusted for family income in the administrative district where each establishment was located. Results and Discussion: A total of 472 restaurants, bars and snack bars, mostly found in intermediate income areas. The total density of establishments was positively correlated with the public transport network density, adjusted for family income. Similar results were found when only snack bars were included in the analysis. In other countries, the relationship between public transport and food environment has been explored only in relation to access to supermarkets and hypermarkets and the resulting improved access to healthy foods. Conclusion: A higher density of restaurants, bars and coffee shops in areas with greater coverage of the public transport network and focused interventions in the food environment should prioritize areas with the highest density of public transport in order to reach a large number of people and properties, ensuring the applicability of resources.