Improving injection safety practices of Cambodian healthcare workers through training

Udhayashankar Kanagasabai, Adarshpal Singh, Ray W. Shiraishi, Vanthy Ly, Chhaily Hy, Sou Sanith, Sok Srun, Sim Sansam, S. Teak SopHeap, Yuliang Liu, Gerald Jones, Ugonna C. Ijeoma (+7 others)
2020 PLoS ONE  
This study evaluated the impact of a safe injection safety training on healthcare worker (HCW) practice and knowledge following an HIV outbreak in Roka commune, Cambodia. Surveys were conducted at baseline (September 2016) and seven months after a training intervention (March 2018) using the World Health Organization standardized injection practices assessment tool. HCWs were sampled at 15 purposively government health facilities in two provinces. HCWs were observed during injection practices
more » ... jection practices and interviewed by trained experts from Becton-Dickinson and the Ministry of Health Cambodia. The Rao-Scott chi square test was used test for differences between baseline and follow-up. We completed 115 observations of practice at baseline and 206 at post-training follow-up. The proportion of patients whose identification was confirmed by HCWs prior to procedure being performed increased from 40.4% to 98% (p <0.0001). The proportion of HCWs who practiced correct hand hygiene increased from 22.0% to 80.6% (p = 0.056) [therapeutic observations] and 17.2% to 63.4% (p = 0.0012) [diagnostic observations]. Immediate disposal of sharps by HCWs decreased from 96.5% to 92.5% (p = 0.0030). We found significant improvements in the practice of patient identity confirmation and hand hygiene but not in the immediate disposal of sharps in the post-training intervention. However, findings are not representative of all HCWs in the country. Further pre-service and in-service training and monitoring are necessary to ensure sustained behavior change.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0241176 pmid:33126238 fatcat:qb36vac6pbdp5fle5lfxkgcnji