Growth and gas exchanges in soursop under irrigation with saline water and nitrogen sources

Evandro M. da Silva, Geovani S. de Lima, Hans R. Gheyi, Reginaldo G. Nobre, Francisco V. da S. Sá, Leandro de P. Souza
2018 Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental - Agriambi  
Nitrogen (N) fertilization has been tested for the mitigation of salt stress in some species including fruit crops. However, special attention should be paid to the source of N, due to the different compositions and saline indices of the fertilizers, particularly when irrigation is conducted using waters with salinity levels that are restrictive to agriculture. Thus, this study evaluated the effect of fertilization with N sources on the growth and gas exchanges of soursop irrigated with saline
more » ... igated with saline water after transplanting. The experiment was carried out in greenhouse at the Center of Technology and Natural Resources of the Federal University of Campina Grande, and treatments were arranged in randomized blocks, in 4 x 4 factorial scheme, corresponding to electrical conductivity of water - 0.5, 1.1, 2.5 and 3.5 dS m-1, and the N sources urea, ammonia sulfate, calcium nitrate and potassium nitrate, with three replicates. Growth and gas exchanges of soursop at 110 days after transplanting were not influenced by either the interaction between water salinity and N sources or the individual action of N, but were inhibited by the increase in water salinity from 0.5 dS m-1. Increasing water salinity inhibited stomatal opening and carboxylation in the leaves.
doi:10.1590/1807-1929/agriambi.v22n11p776-781 fatcat:vljiad3q4veo5f5gammu6i5a6u