Five Regioisomers of Dimethyl Dodecahedrane Derivatives: A Hybrid DFT B3LYP Study

Seol Lee, YongJae Cho, Kee Hag Lee
2017 Journal of Chemistry  
The hybrid density functional (B3LYP/6-31G(d, p)) method was used to understand why 1,2-dimethyl dodecahedrane has not been reported yet. From the direct dimethyl substitution of the dodecahedrane cage, we could have five C20H18(CH3)2 derivatives which were geometrically optimized without constraints. The results suggest that 1,16-dimethyl dodecahedrane derivative is the most stable, whereas the 1,2-dimethyl derivative is the most unstable; this implies that the distortion due to steric
more » ... e to steric hindrance interactions would be a crucial effect on the relative energies of the dimethyl dodecahedranes. It would be disadvantaged thermodynamically for 1,2-dimethyl derivative that, in the experimental results, was not synthesized yet. The LUMO of each of the derivatives was equivalently delocalized over the void within the cage, implying that dimethyl derivatives are able to encapsulate atoms at the center of the cage. The HOMO was limitedly delocalized on the cage. The characteristics of the HOMO of derivatives show three patterns, implying that each derivative might undergo one of three entirely different sets of characteristic chemical reactions with electrophilic reagents.
doi:10.1155/2017/5494038 fatcat:f6wq7hl2nrbe7pa3ae2nf3vgwa