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International Journal of Innovative Science & Technology
A complete urinalysis includes physical, chemical and microscopic examinations. Midstream clean catch collection is acceptable in most situations, but the specimen should be examined within two hours of collection. Cloudy urine often is a result of precipitated phosphate crystals in alkaline urine, but pyuria also can be the cause. A strong odour may be the result of a concentrated specimen rather than a urinary tract infection. Dipstick urinalysis is convenient, but false-positive anddoi:10.22270/ijist.v3i4.22 fatcat:g7zevvnlzrhujkzrl4hooxkbwi