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Parasitism, immune response, and egg production of the spearhead bluet (Coenagrion hastulatum) damselfly
Canadian Journal of Zoology
Theoretical models predict that parasites reduce reproductive success of their hosts, but very few empirical studies have given support to this. Using the damselfly Coenagrion hastulatum (Charpentier, 1825), we tested how immune response, wing length, and the number of both endo-and ectoparasites affect egg production of host damselflies. The study was conducted with four different populations in Southwest Finland. We found a negative association between endoparasitic gregarines and the numberdoi:10.1139/cjz-2016-0146 fatcat:5quwwz36wrb4rh2irfwfmcc3wu