An experimental method of obtaining the solution of electrostatic problems with notes on high-voltage bushing design

Chester W. Rice
1917 Proceedings of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers  
OF PAPER The electrodynamic method for obtaining the solution of electrostatic and allied problems is developed to a high degree of accuracy. The method is then applied to the study of highvoltage bushings. An experimental high-air-efficiency bushing was then built and tested with the result that the arc-over was very materially lower than had been anticipated. A study was then made to ascertain the reason for this large discrepancy, which was found to be due to an unexpectedly large surface
more » ... ly large surface effect which varied greatly with different materials. After obtaining the numerical value for the surface effect a reasonably accurate predetermination of the arc-over of struc tures, in which the stress distribution is known, can be made. In order to determine the desirability of using artificial equipotential surfaces to increase the efficiency of the use of the support ing dielectric, diagrams were taken and a small bushing of this type constructed and tested. A study was then made to find out whether the reduction in diameter of condenser bushings is principally due to equalization of potential or due the greater strength of insulation when barriers are used. As a result of this work, it is believed that the barrier effect greatly predominates. A short discussion follows which shows the difficulties of ob taining a sufficiently exact theory of bushing design to enable us to predetermine the most efficient shape for a practical bushing. A series of small bushings were then made and tested with a view to determining the general shape and characteristics which go to make up a practical all around bushing. The appendix gives an unexpurgated solution of the following two flow problems.
doi:10.1109/paiee.1917.6590538 fatcat:ncayypht7veijitswmds55rcny