Sec2graph: Network Attack Detection Based on Novelty Detection on Graph Structured Data [chapter]

Laetitia Leichtnam, Eric Totel, Nicolas Prigent, Ludovic Mé
2020 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Being able to timely detect new kinds of attacks in highly distributed, heterogeneous and evolving networks without generating too many false alarms is especially challenging. Many researchers proposed various anomaly detection techniques to identify events that are inconsistent with past observations. While supervised learning is often used to that end, security experts generally do not have labeled datasets and labeling their data would be excessively expensive. Unsupervised learning, that
more » ... s not require labeled data should then be used preferably, even if these approaches have led to less relevant results. We introduce in this paper a unified and unique graph representation called security objects' graphs. This representation mixes and links events of different kinds and allows a rich description of the activities to be analyzed. To detect anomalies in these graphs, we propose an unsupervised learning approach based on auto-encoder. Our hypothesis is that as security objects' graphs bring a rich vision of the normal situation, an autoencoder is able to build a relevant model of this situation. To validate this hypothesis, we apply our approach to the CICIDS2017 dataset and show that although our approach is unsupervised, its detection results are as good, and even better than those obtained by many supervised approaches.
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-52683-2_12 fatcat:qn52lph33jez5j6uneiztzibnm