Screening of Potential Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitors in Gnaphalium hypoleucum DC. by Immobilized Metal Affinity Chromatography and Ultrafiltration-Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

Hong-Jian Zhang, Yi-Juan Hu, Pan Xu, Wei-Qing Liang, Jie Zhou, Pei-Gang Liu, Lin Cheng, Jin-Bao Pu
2016 Molecules  
In this study, a new method based on immobilized metal affinity chromatography (IMAC) combined with ultrafiltration-ultra performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UF-UPLC-MS) was developed for discovering ligands for xanthine oxidase (XO) in Gnaphalium hypoleucum DC., a folk medicine used in China for the treatment of gout. By IMAC, the high flavonoid content of G. hypoleucum could be determined rapidly and efficiently. UF-UPLC-MS was used to select the bound xanthine oxidase
more » ... hine oxidase ligands in the mixture and identify them. Finally, two flavonoids, luteolin-4 -O-glucoside and luteolin, were successfully screened and identified as the candidate XO inhibitors of G. hypoleucum. They were evaluated in vitro for XO inhibitory activity and their interaction mechanism was studied coupled with molecular simulations. The results were in favor of the hypothesis that the flavonoids of G. hypoleucum might be the active content for gout treatment by inhibiting XO.
doi:10.3390/molecules21091242 pmid:27649136 fatcat:aizfmktm4ngfnh4n2rcckxzfea