Cost comparisons of modifiedX̅chart for autocorrelated observations

D. R. Prajapati
2016 International Journal of Metrology and Quality Engineering  
This paper presents the economic design of modified X chart for autocorrelated data and comparison with the economic design of Shewhart's X chart. An attempt has been made to counter autocorrelation by designing the modified X chart; as the cost of operating a process control system is an important element in the economic design of control charts. The economic designs of both modified and Shewhart X charts for autocorrelated observations are presented; using Lorenzen-Vance [1] cost model. The
more » ... ] cost model. The modified X chart is based upon sum of chi-squares and has simplicity like Shewhart X chart but more efficient than standard chart. Two sets of parameters suggested by Montgomery [2] are used to determine the optimal sampling intervals (h) and expected costs per hour. It shows that sampling interval (h) and expected cost/hour (C) depend upon various parameters of chart, used in this model. The expected costs/hour (C) for both the charts are computed for sample sizes of 2 and 4 at the various levels of correlation and process shifts in mean. It is concluded that at each level of correlation and shift in the process mean, the expected costs/hour of the modified X chart are lower than the Shewhart chart.
doi:10.1051/ijmqe/2015030 fatcat:ela342bywzbznesgkx2j4l5cwi