Calibration and validation of SWAT model and estimation of water balance components of Shaya mountainous watershed, Southeastern Ethiopia

A. A. Shawul, T. Alamirew, M. O. Dinka
2013 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions  
<p><strong>Abstract.</strong> To utilize water resources in a sustainable manner, it is necessary to understand the quantity and quality in space and time. This study was initiated to evaluate the performance and applicability of the physically based Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model in analyzing the influence of hydrologic parameters on the streamflow variability and estimation of monthly and seasonal water yield at the outlet of Shaya mountainous watershed. The calibrated SWAT model
more » ... librated SWAT model performed well for simulation of monthly streamflow. Statistical model performance measures, coefficient of determination (<i>r</i><sup>2</sup>) of 0.71, the Nash–Sutcliffe simulation efficiency (<i>E</i><sub>NS</sub>) of 0.71 and percent difference (<i>D</i>) of 3.69, for calibration and 0.76, 0.75 and 3.30, respectively for validation, indicated good performance of the model simulation on monthly time step. Mean monthly and annual water yield simulated with the calibrated model were found to be 25.8 mm and 309.0 mm, respectively. Overall, the model demonstrated good performance in capturing the patterns and trend of the observed flow series, which confirmed the appropriateness of the model for future scenario simulation. Therefore, SWAT model can be taken as a potential tool for simulation of the hydrology of unguaged watershed in mountainous areas, which behave hydro-meteorologically similar with Shaya watershed. Future studies on Shaya watershed modeling should address the issues related to water quality and evaluate best management practices.</p>
doi:10.5194/hessd-10-13955-2013 fatcat:geki7ub5irandnixovjmudwc7y